プロフィール

石井美保 Miho Ishii

ishii_profile

所属・職名 Primary Department / Job Title

  • 京都大学人文科学研究所 准教授
    Associate Professor, Institute for Research in Humanities, Kyoto University

学位 Academic Background

  • 博士[人間・環境学](京都大学)
    Ph. D. Human and Environmental Studies (Kyoto University)

専門 Areas of Expertise

  • 文化人類学
    Cultural Anthropology

関心領域 Fields of Research Interest

  • 憑依、精霊祭祀、身体論、環境運動、土地利用、慣習法など
    spirit possession, embodiment, intersubjectivity, environmental movements, land tenure and land inheritance, customary law

調査地 Regional Expertise

  • タンザニア、ガーナ、南インド
    Tanzania, Ghana, South India

研究概要 Research Outline

  • これまで、アフリカのタンザニアとガーナ、南インドのマンガロールで人類学的フィールドワークを行ってきました。タンザニアでは、「ラスタファリ運動」と呼ばれる黒人運動と、この運動にかかわる都市出稼ぎ民の生活について。ガーナでは、多民族的な開拓移民社会における精霊祭祀と妖術、呪術について。そして南インドでは、「ブータ祭祀」と呼ばれる憑依をともなう神霊祭祀について、調査を行ってきました。主な研究テーマは憑依・呪術・儀礼をはじめとする人々の宗教実践ですが、これと関連して、①村落社会における土地制度と母系制、②宗教実践と交易・商業との関係、③儀礼における身体性とパースペクティヴィティ、④神霊祭祀と環境運動、大規模開発の関係、⑤人間と非人間の社会的なインタラクション 等のテーマについても調査研究を進めています。
    目下、南カナラと呼ばれるアラビア海沿岸地域における宗教-環境世界の動態を、ブータ祭祀を核として描きだすというテーマに取り組んでいます。
    Miho Ishii specializes in Cultural anthropology, African and South Asian studies. She holds a degree in Behavioral Science from Hokkaido University. She completed her PhD at the Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, in 2002. As part of her PhD coursework, she conducted extensive fieldwork on spirit possession, witchcraft, and magic in the cocoa-producing migrant societies of Southern Ghana. She served as a visiting fellow at the Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research from October 2003 to August 2004. Thereafter, she joined the faculty at the Graduate School of Social Science, Hitotsubashi University, as an associate professor of Anthropology. Since April 2010, she has held the position of associate professor of the Institute for Research in Humanities, Kyoto University. Her present research focuses on the inter-relation between būta (spirit) worship and developmental projects in Karnataka, South India. Since 2008, she has conducted anthropological fieldwork in rural societies in South Kanara, a coastal area of Karnataka, India.
    Her major works include: Frontier of spirits: ethnography of ‘supernatural phenomena’ in migrant societies of Southern Ghana (Sekaishisosha, 2007, in Japanese);Anthropology of Religion (ed. Shumpusha, 2010, in Japanese); ‘From wombs to farmland: the transformation of suman shrines in southern Ghana’ (Journal of Religion in Africa, 2005); ‘Acting with things: self-poiesis, actuality, and contingency in the formation of divine worlds’ (HAU: Journal of Ethnographic Theory, 2012); ‘Playing with perspectives: spirit possession, mimesis, and permeability in the buuta ritual in South India’ (Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 2013).